The giant soviet pipeline system thats full of tainted crude. Dec 28, 2009 factboxrussias druzhba oil pipeline to central europe 3 min read dec 28 reuters russia has warned the european union of possible cuts in oil supply via the druzhba oil pipeline because of a. Compared to the previous year, this was an increase of 4. The decision to construct a crude oil pipeline from the then ussr to its ally countries joint in the socialist bloc was taken by the. The publication of the book has been financially supported. Vitaly yermakov the contamination of the druzhba pipeline with organic chlorides became the most serious interruption of oil supplies in the 55year history of oil trade on this key route. The druzhba pipeline is losing significance in oil supply to. Indeed, when druzhba was built in 1986, designed by famous soviet architect igor vasilevsky, the structure overlooking the sea was so ominous turkish spies assumed it was a secret military. The druzhba pipeline is one of the largest parts of russian pipeline monopoly transneft s system. Feb 20, 2018 the staterun pipeline operator, transpetrol, transported about 9.
Belarus cuts off russian pipeline in bitter gas war. The druzhba pipeline carries oil westwards to mozyr in belarus, where it splits into two branches. This occurred when the druzhba oilexport pipeline to europe was contaminated. There was a leak in one of the pipes of the druzhba pipeline near the bobovichi pumping station in belarus on sunday evening, according to transneft. It should be noted that the obp also links up with russias friendship pipeline druzhba pipeline in an agreement with russia washingtons objective is ultimately to weaken and destabilize russias pipeline network including the friendship pipeline and the baltic pipeline system bps and its various corridor links into the western europe energy market. The line starts at almetyevsk in the republic of tatarstan, a town that was founded in 1953 as an oilprocessing center for the giant romashkino oil field. Czech concerns over the future of the druzhba oil pipeline. The pipeline was completed in 1964 and has been the major pipeline supplying russian crude within the country, and for export to the neighbouring countries and western europe. Lebron james to release his first childrens book this summer. Sep 23, 2012 russias druzhba friendship oil pipeline to central europe is the worlds longest oil pipeline and in one of the biggest oil pipeline networks in the world. Moscow, jan 23 reuters russian largest oil producer rosneft is considering building a spur from the southern branch of the druzhba pipeline to supply refineries in germany, a. Jan 09, 2007 belarus cuts off russian pipeline in bitter gas war. Factboxrussias druzhba oil pipeline to central europe 3 min read dec 28 reuters russia has warned the european union of possible cuts in. As a result, the soviet union entered into longterm commitments towards its satellites, which became dependent to a considerable extent on soviet energy imports.
This week its been hit by probably the biggest crisis in its 55year history. In the 1970s, the druzhba pipeline system was further enlarged with the construction of geographically parallel lines. Study on the technical aspects of variable use of oil. Meanwhile, the united states has seen its exports to asia grow during the same period. The druzhba pipeline crisis the lessons for russia and for europe. Based on hitherto little known documents from western and eastern european archives, it combines the story of soviet oil and gas with general cold war history. The future of the druzhba pipeline as a strategic challenge for the czech republic and poland book january 2012 with 1,418 reads how we measure reads. Druzhba pipeline archives oxford institute for energy studies. Druzhba is the heart of the transneftoperated pipeline network. Over half 54% of oil supplies to czech refineries, held by the majority shareholder unipetrol which is owned by orlen, is transported through the southern branch of the druzhba oil pipeline which runs through slovakia, the remainder 46% is carried from the west through the seaport in trieste, by means of the tal and ikl oil pipelines. The druzhba pipeline is being used to a lesser extent as a supply route for czech refineries. Apr 27, 2015 transneft says the druzhba pipeline breakdown may hinder april supplies to europe but they would be made up in may. Alliance pipeline starts transporting natural gas from northeastern british columbia and northeastern alberta to illinois, usa. Factboxrussias druzhba oil pipeline to central europe.
Pdf the future of the druzhba pipeline as a strategic. Factboxrussias druzhba pipeline, one of the worlds. Its role is being gradually taken over by the ingolstadtkralupy ikl pipeline, supplying oil from the western direction, which already accounts for more than 40% of oil supplies to the czech republic. Druzhba pipeline archives oxford institute for energy. Dirty oil who contaminated the petroleum supply in the druzhba. This book examines the role of soviet energy during the cold war. The decision to construct a crude oil pipeline from the then ussr to its ally countries joint in the socialist bloc was taken by the council for mutual economic assistance convening in prague in december 10, 1958. How the oil industry and russia trivialize the druzhba.
The druzhba pipeline splits into two legs with the bigger one, the northern leg, going to poland and germany. Factboxrussias druzhba pipeline, one of the worlds biggest. It carries oil some 4,000 kilometres 2,500 mi from the eastern part. Transneft archives oxford institute for energy studies. Druzhba pipeline international association of oil transporters. The giant soviet pipeline system thats full of tainted. The complete cessation of oil transmission via druzhba, which has now lasted over two weeks, is the most serious crisis in the 50year history of this vital pipeline system, which connects russia to belarus and ukraine, and onwards to central europe. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. What he had to say will fill you with nightmareseven though he toned the story down for publication. The history of opec during this period, from the 1990s to 2020s, should be garavinis sequel. Apr 26, 2019 this week its been hit by probably the biggest crisis in its 55year history.
Germany gets around 500,000 bpd of crude via druzhba or one fifth of its total. May 23, 20 druzhba pipeline no more friendship just business. Oct 30, 2012 what are the duties of an oiler on pipeline gig. Tainted russian oil supply to europe triggers fears financial times. The baltic pipeline system2 bps2 is a pipeline from the unecha junction of the druzhba pipeline near the russiabelarus border to the ustluga oil terminal at the eastern part of the gulf of finland with a 172 kilometres 107 mi long branch line to kirishi oil refinery. The druzhba pipeline is the worlds longest oil pipeline and one of the biggest oil pipeline. The canadian energy pipeline association is formed. The first oil pumped through the druzhba pipeline originated from the oil fields in tatarstan and samara kuybyshev oblast. Pdf the future of the druzhba pipeline as a strategic challenge. The druzhba pipeline is the worlds longest pipeline and in fact one of the biggest pipeline networks in the world.
What is the northern point of the transalaska pipeline. Encana begins operation of its express pipeline, which transports crude oil from hardisty, ab to markets in montana, utah, wyoming and colorado, usa. It starts in central russia and connects west siberian oilfields to major refineries in europe. The druzhba pipeline crisis the lessons for russia and. For guests with a vehicle, there is paid private parking available onsite. This means that the pipeline was used at less than of 50 percent of its capacity of 20 million tonnes per year. The summer of 1975 was really hot and we were drinking. This timeline represents an edited version of text obtained from the book, the history of the standard oil company. It carries oil some 4,000 kilometres from the eastern part of the european russia to points in ukraine, belarus, poland, hungary, slovakia, czech republic, and germany. Plus, druzhba offers an onsite restaurant, providing a pleasant respite from your busy day. Druzhba adria pipline druzhba adria project aimed to connect the pipelines druzhba and adria in direction from samara russia to omisalj croatia in order to transport russian oil to world markets click to view protest against the project many ecoassociations and civil society organisations protested against the project. Even though the druzhba pipeline is, from the customers perspective, no longer cheaper than the. Cold war energy a transnational history of soviet oil and.
Kaplan and eugene chausovsky at this juncture in history, the fate of europe is wound up not in ideas but in geopolitics. How the oil industry and russia trivialize the druzhba pipeline. By julian lee bloomberg russias giant sovietera oil pipeline is a vital. But in reality, small improvements were made for almost another year. Why does stryver continually criticize and belittle sydney carton for his social lapses from tales of two cities book 2 chapter 11. The druzhba, or friendship, pipeline system is a sovietera behemoth, originally designed to carry crude from the ussr to allied countries in eastern europe. It compares the development of the electricity grid mir russian for peace, the crude oil pipeline druzhba russian for friendship, and the natural gas pipeline soyuz russian for union. Officially, the druzhba pipeline was completed in autumn 1978. The druzhba pipeline network takes russian oil through belarus to poland and germany in the north and in the south through ukraine to central europe and the balkans, as well as to italy. Replacing 32 pipes on the druzhba oil pipeline in under 88.
This volume breaks new ground by framing soviet energy in a. Rosneft considers spur from druzhba oil pipeline to german. Druzhba pipeline druzhba pipeline the largest and most prominent oil pipeline in the world, the druzhba pipeline remains a leading service for the transportation of oil to european countries, being in operation since 1962. It wasnt until 2011, 15 years after druzhba 78 disbanded that one player spoke out. An official from the operator of the belarusian part of the druzhba pipeline said that 5m tonnes of contaminated russian oil was present in the. Pipeline sizes vary from the 2inch 5centimetre diameter lines used in oilwell gathering systems to lines 30 feet 9 metres across in highvolume water and sewage networks. Jan 08, 2007 the druzhba pipeline splits into two legs with the bigger one, the northern leg, going to poland and germany. Russia certainly has influence in europe on account of its oil, and has occasionally used its oil as a means of political pressure on belarus and ukraine. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Maxim starchenko detailed the abuse of druzhba 78 in his book, behind the iron curtain. Pipeline, line of pipe equipped with pumps and valves and other control devices for moving liquids, gases, and slurries fine particles suspended in liquid. The contamination of the druzhba pipeline with organic chlorides became the most serious interruption of oil supplies in the 55year history of oil trade on this key route. The contamination of the druzhba pipeline with organic chlorides became the most serious interruption of oil supplies in the 55year history of oil trade on this. Former members of the council for mutual economic assistance comecon were linked through pipelines showing their brotherhood bratstvo natural gas or friendship druzhba oil.
Based on documents from moscow and east german archives, this chapter analyses the history of the planning and construction of the druzhba pipeline. While staying at druzhba, visitors can check out vydubychi monastery 1. In september 2007, a unique event in terms of its scope and speed was carried out on the czech section of the 20 inch diameter russia to germany druzhba oil pipeline in south moravia, where 32 pipe sections were replaced in a very short time. The druzhba pipeline crisis the lessons for russia and for europe the contamination of the druzhba pipeline with organic chlorides became the most serious interruption of oil supplies in the 55year history of oil trade on this key route.1537 1029 674 684 708 488 1257 435 654 1113 130 723 140 1245 1284 1034 458 789 204 41 1545 1454 623 710 1339 1511 205 513 286 1292 491 404 179 293 530